Kenya Medical Laboratory Tests
Blood culture Test in Kenya
Brief DescriptionThis test checks for pathogens such as bacteria in the blood. The test is usually prescribed in diagnosing a blood infection.
SynonymsCulture, Blood, Routine
Patient PreparationThe patient may be required to stop taking certain medications and supplements.
Sample TypeWhole Blood
Sample volume16 to 20ml for Adults, 1 to 4ml for Pedriatic
Sample collection ContainerOne aerobic and one anaerobic blood culture bottle for adults or one pediatric bottle.
Sample collection instructionsFor suspected bacteremia in adults, two sets of blood culture bottles (aerobic and anaerobic) are drawn from two separate venipuncture sites. The aerobic bottle should be inoculated first as there is about 0.5 cc of air in the line of the collection set. It is important not to underfill or overfill the bottles as this can adversely affect the results. If more than one culture is ordered, the specimens should be drawn separately at no less than 30 minutes apart. The time of collection must be indicated. Strict aseptic technique is essential.
Sample storageSamples are maintained at room temperature
Reference rangePresence/Absence of growth
Results Turnaround5 - 6 days after receipt of samples
Diseases / Diagnostic IndicatorsIf the blood culture is positive it means there is blood infection. This is indicative for fungemia or bacteremia disease such as Meningitis, Endocarditis, Pneumonia.