Kenya Medical Laboratory Tests

Calcium Test in Kenya

Brief Description

This test measures calcium levels in blood"," for diagnosis of bone disease"," thyroid disease"," parathyroid disorders"," kidney disease"," and other conditions.

Synonyms

Calcium ion

Patient Preparation

It is recommended for patient to have a morning fasting before sample collection.

Sample Type

Serum (preferred) or plasma

Sample volume

1 mL

Sample collection Container

Red-top tube"," gel-barrier tube"," or green-top (lithium heparin) tube; do not use oxalate"," EDTA"

Sample collection instructions

Serum or plasma should be separated within 45 minutes of sample collection

Sample storage

Stable at room temperature/refrigerated/frozen for 14 days

Reference range

<10 days (Males 8.6?10.4 mg/dL) (Female 8.6?10.4mg/dL)"," 11days-1 year ( Males 9.2?11.0 mg/dL)( Fem

Results Turnaround

1 day after receipt of samples

Diseases / Diagnostic Indicators

High calcium levels is associated with"," Constipation"," Nausea and vomiting"," Abdominal pain"," Reduced appetite"," frequent urination"," Increased thirst and Confusion"," while low calcium levels is associated with Dry skin"," coarse hair"," and nails that easily break"," Muscle cramps"," stiffn