Kenya Medical Laboratory Tests

Enteric pathogens (faeces or rectal swab) Test in Kenya

Brief Description

This test is performed to check presence of bacterial pathogenic organisms in the stool. The test is usually ordered in diagnosing typhoid fever, enteric fever, salmonella infection.


Feces Culture Routine, Enteric Pathogens Culture, Culture, Stool, Comprehensive

Patient Preparation

No special preparations are required

Sample Type

Stool or rectal swab

Sample volume

1g or one swab

Sample collection Container

Stool culture transport vial

Sample collection instructions

Recommended that two or three stool specimens, collected on separate days, to increase the probability of isolating a bacterial pathogen. No detergent or preservative should be present in the container. The specimen should immediately be transported to the laboratory. If transport is delayed by longer than 2 hours, transport media (eg, Cary-Blair) is recommended.

Sample storage

Stored at room temperature

Reference range

Negative for enteric pathogens.

Results Turnaround

3 - 5 days after receipt of samples

Diseases / Diagnostic Indicators

Any growth of Salmonella,Shigella, Campylobacter, Yersinia or other enteric pathogen may indicate development of conditions such as typhoid fever, enteric fever, bacillary dysentery, Salmonella infection, etc.