Kenya Medical Laboratory Tests
Enteric pathogens (faeces or rectal swab) Test in Kenya
Brief DescriptionThis test is performed to check presence of bacterial pathogenic organisms in the stool. The test is usually ordered in diagnosing typhoid fever, enteric fever, salmonella infection.
SynonymsFeces Culture Routine, Enteric Pathogens Culture, Culture, Stool, Comprehensive
Patient PreparationNo special preparations are required
Sample TypeStool or rectal swab
Sample volume1g or one swab
Sample collection ContainerStool culture transport vial
Sample collection instructionsRecommended that two or three stool specimens, collected on separate days, to increase the probability of isolating a bacterial pathogen. No detergent or preservative should be present in the container. The specimen should immediately be transported to the laboratory. If transport is delayed by longer than 2 hours, transport media (eg, Cary-Blair) is recommended.
Sample storageStored at room temperature
Reference rangeNegative for enteric pathogens.
Results Turnaround3 - 5 days after receipt of samples
Diseases / Diagnostic IndicatorsAny growth of Salmonella,Shigella, Campylobacter, Yersinia or other enteric pathogen may indicate development of conditions such as typhoid fever, enteric fever, bacillary dysentery, Salmonella infection, etc.