Kenya Medical Laboratory Tests

HIV Viral load count Test in Kenya

Brief Description

This is a blood test used to measure the amount of HIV rna virions"," for the management and treatment of HIV patients.

Synonyms

HIV-1 Plasma Viremia"," HIV-1 RNA by Real-time (RT) PCR Quantitative"," Reflex to PhenoSense"," Vira

Patient Preparation

No special preparation needed

Sample Type

Plasma"," frozen

Sample volume

5 mL

Sample collection Container

Lavender-top (EDTA) or plasma preparation tubes (PPT™)

Sample collection instructions

Plasma should be separated within six hours of sample collection

Sample storage

Frozen

Reference range

<10000 copies/mL

Results Turnaround

17 - 25 days after receipt of samples

Diseases / Diagnostic Indicators

High viral load is associated with mutiple symptoms ranging from Fever"," Swollen lymph nodes"," Sore throat"," Rash"," Muscle or joint pain"," Diarrhea"," Headache"," severe type of pneumonia"," certain cancers and opportunistice diseases are likely to present in a more acute infection.