Kenya Medical Laboratory Tests
Urinalysis Test in Kenya
Brief DescriptionThis test is conducted to examine the visual, chemical and microscopic aspects of urine. Urinalysis is done to screen for or monitor certain common health conditions, such as liver disease, kidney disease and diabetes, and to diagnose urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Patient PreparationThe patient may be asked to stop taking certain medications
Sample volumeMinimum volume of 4ml
Sample collection ContainerVacutainer gray-top transport tube
Sample collection instructionsCollect first morning clean catch midstream urine.
Sample storageMaintained at room temperature
Reference rangepH: 4.7 to 7.7. Glucose: 1 to 15 mg. Proteins: 0 - 0.1g. Bilirubin: 0 to 0.02 mg. Nitrite: Negative
Results Turnaround1 - 2 days after receipt of samples
Diseases / Diagnostic IndicatorsAbnormal acid may indicate kidney stones, a urinary tract infection (UTI). A high glucose content is a marker for diabetes. Presence of proteins in sample is a sign kidneys are not working properly.Detection of bilirubin (yellowish pigment found in bile) in urine, it may indicate liver or bile duct