Kenya Medical Laboratory Tests

Urinalysis Test in Kenya

Brief Description

This test is conducted to examine the visual, chemical and microscopic aspects of urine. Urinalysis is done to screen for or monitor certain common health conditions, such as liver disease, kidney disease and diabetes, and to diagnose urinary tract infections (UTIs).


urine test

Patient Preparation

The patient may be asked to stop taking certain medications

Sample Type


Sample volume

Minimum volume of 4ml

Sample collection Container

Vacutainer gray-top transport tube

Sample collection instructions

Collect first morning clean catch midstream urine.

Sample storage

Maintained at room temperature

Reference range

pH: 4.7 to 7.7. Glucose: 1 to 15 mg. Proteins: 0 - 0.1g. Bilirubin: 0 to 0.02 mg. Nitrite: Negative

Results Turnaround

1 - 2 days after receipt of samples

Diseases / Diagnostic Indicators

Abnormal acid may indicate kidney stones, a urinary tract infection (UTI). A high glucose content is a marker for diabetes. Presence of proteins in sample is a sign kidneys are not working properly.Detection of bilirubin (yellowish pigment found in bile) in urine, it may indicate liver or bile duct